Active, not recruiting • Phase II • Stage III, IV • ER negative • PR negative • HER2 negative • Post-Menopausal • Interventional
The following is imported from ClinicalTrials.gov:
A Phase 2 Study of Cediranib in Combination With Olaparib in Advanced Solid Tumors
This phase II trial studies cediranib maleate in combination with olaparib in treating patients with solid tumors that have spread to other parts of the body (advanced/metastatic) or cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable), including breast cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer, and pancreatic cancer. Cediranib maleate and olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Cediranib maleate may also block the flow of oxygen to the tumor, and may help make the tumor more sensitive to olaparib.
I. To determine the objective response rate (ORR) of cediranib (cediranib maleate) plus olaparib in combination in patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors of the following tumor types: non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), and small cell lung cancer (SCLC).
I. To assess the safety and tolerability of oral administration of cediranib in combination with olaparib in patients with select advanced solid tumors.
II. To estimate progression free survival (PFS) in each tumor cohort.
I. To estimate the prevalence of the mutations of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair genes in tumors using the BROCA panel and to correlate tumor regression with mutations status. (Integrated) II. To evaluate changes in tumor hypoxia on cediranib treatment compared to baseline by [F-18] fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in patients with NSCLC.
III. To evaluate levels of angiogenesis/inflammatory markers including VEGF at baseline and on treatment.
IV. To evaluate levels of circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) at baseline and on treatment.
Patients receive cediranib maleate orally (PO) once daily (QD) on day 1. Patients undergoing FMISO scan also receive olaparib PO twice daily (BID) beginning the day after the second FMISO scan and the rest of the patients receive olaparib PO BID beginning day 4 of cycle 1. Cycles repeat every 28 days (35 days for cycle 1) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 4 weeks and then every 4 weeks thereafter.
Actual study start date:
August 31, 2016
Ages eligible for study:
18 - 999
Sexes eligible for study:
Arms and Intervention
Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Positron Emission Tomography
patients must have histologically confirmed, metastatic or unresectable malignancy of the following types: (a) non-small cell lung cancer (nsclc), (b) triple-negative breast cancer (tnbc; defined by estrogen receptor [er] < 1%, progesterone receptor [pr] < 1% and her2 1+ or less by immunohistochemistry [ihc]; if her-2 expression is 2+, a negative fluorescence in situ hybridization [fish] testing is required) (c) pancreatic adenocarcinoma (pdac), or (d) small cell lung cancer (sclc)
must have received at least one line of standard systemic treatment for locally advanced or metastatic disease setting of the respective tumor type; for nsclc, it is either pd-1/pd-l1 inhibitor, or platinum-containing chemotherapy, or an egfr tyrosine kinase inhibitor or an alk inhibitor if sensitizing mutation present; tnbc: platinum-containing chemotherapy; pdac: fluorouracil (5-fu-), gemcitabine-, or taxane-containing chemotherapy either with or without radiation therapy; sclc: platinum-containing chemotherapy for limited or extensive stage disease
patients must have measurable disease by response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (recist) version (v)1.1
toxicities of prior therapy (except alopecia) should be resolved to =< grade 1 as per national cancer institute (nci)-common terminology criteria for adverse events (ctcae) version (v)5.0; patients with long-standing stable grade 2 neuropathy or prior grade 2 treatment-related hypothyroidism requiring treatment, provided free t4 within normal range, may be considered eligible after discussion with the study principal investigator (pi)
eastern cooperative oncology group (ecog) performance status 0, 1 or 2 (karnofsky >= 50%)
life expectancy of >= 4 months
leukocytes >= 3,000/mcl
absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcl
platelets >= 100,000/mcl
hemoglobin > 9 g/dl
total bilirubin =< 1.5 x the institutional upper limit of normal (uln)
creatinine clearance >= 45 ml/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal; the creatinine clearance is calculated using cockcroft-gault formula
a urine protein: creatinine ratio of < 1 or < 1 g protein on 24-hour urine collection
international normalized ration (inr) within 1.25 x uln institutional limits, except where a lupus anti-coagulant has been confirmed
activated partial thromboplastin time (aptt) within 1.25 x uln institutional limits, except where a lupus anti-coagulant has been confirmed
patients must be able to tolerate oral medications and not have gastrointestinal illnesses that would preclude absorption of cediranib or olaparib
adequately controlled thyroid function defined by free t4 within normal range, with no symptoms of thyroid dysfunction
adequately controlled blood pressure (bp) < 140 mmhg (systolic) and < 90 mmhg (diastolic) taken in the clinic setting by a medical professional within 2 weeks prior to starting study; patients with hypertension may be managed with up to a maximum of 3 antihypertensive medications; patients who are on 3 antihypertensive medications are highly recommended to be followed by a cardiologist or blood pressure specialist for management of bp while on protocol
patients who have the following risk factors are considered to be at increased risk for cardiac toxicities, and must have documented left ventricular ejection fraction (lvef) by echocardiogram greater than institution's lower limit of normal (or 55% if threshold for normal not otherwise specified by institutional guidelines) obtained within 3 months
prior treatment with anthracyclines
prior treatment with trastuzumab
a new york heart association (nyha) classification of ii controlled with treatment
prior central thoracic radiation therapy (rt), including rt to the heart
history of myocardial infarction within 12 months (patients with history of myocardial infarction within 6 months are excluded from the study)
the effects of cediranib and olaparib on the developing human fetus are unknown; for this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and for 4 months after completion of cediranib and olaparib administration
ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
age >= 18 years. there is no dosing or adverse event data currently available on the use of cediranib or olaparib in patients < 18 years of age, thus excluding them from enrollment
patients who have had chemotherapy or rt within 3 weeks prior to start of the study agents, or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 3 weeks earlier
patients should not have received any other investigational agents within the past 4 weeks
patients with untreated brain metastases, spinal cord compression, or evidence of symptomatic brain metastases or leptomeningeal disease as noted on computed tomography (ct) or magnetic resonance imaging (mri) scans should be excluded from this clinical trial, since neurologic dysfunction may confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events (aes); screening brain mri (or ct if mri contraindicated) will be required for patients with recurrent nsclc, tnbc, or sclc; brain mri (or ct if mri contraindicated) is required for pdac if clinically suspected by patient's symptoms or neurological exam; should patient found to have brain metastasis, treatment of brain metastasis must precede the participation in this study; for patients with known and treated brain metastases is allowed in this study if they fulfill the following criteria:
the lesions have improved or remained stable radiographically and clinically for at least 6 weeks after completion of brain irradiation or stereotactic brain radiosurgery and off steroids for at least 6 weeks
patients who have received prior inhibitor of vegf signaling and a poly (adp-ribose) polymerases (parp) inhibitor administered in combination; unless administered in combination, patients who received a prior parp inhibitor or a prior vegf-signaling inhibitor agent are allowed after discussing with the pi
history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to cediranib or olaparib
participants receiving any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors or inducers of cytochrome p450, family 3, subfamily a, polypeptide 4 (cyp3a4) are ineligible; dihydropyridine calcium-channel blockers are permitted for management of hypertension
current use of natural herbal products or other complementary alternative medications (cam) or "folk remedies"
patients with concomitant or prior invasive malignancies within the past 3 years; subjects with treated limited stage basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the breast or cervix are eligible
uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
history of myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to registration
history of stroke or transient ischemic attack within 6 months prior to registration
nyha classification of iii or iv
current cardiac arrhythmia requiring concurrent use of anti-arrhythmic drugs
history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy within 3 years prior to registration
clinically significant peripheral vascular disease or abdominal aortic aneurysm (> 5 cm) or aortic dissection; if known history of abdominal aortic aneurysm with >= 4 cm in diameter, all of the following must be met:
an ultrasound (us) within the last 6 months prior to registration will be required to document that it is =< 5 cm
patient must be asymptomatic from the aneurysm
blood pressure must be well controlled as defined in this protocol
a major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to starting cediranib (percutaneous/endobronchial biopsies are allowed)
history of bowel obstruction within 1 month prior to starting study drugs
history of hemoptysis or any significant bleeding within the last 1 month prior to enrollment
presence of cavitation of central pulmonary lesion
history of abdominal fistula, intra-abdominal abscess, or gastrointestinal perforation within the 3 months prior to enrollment
patients may not have current dependency on intravenous (iv) hydration or total parenteral nutrition (tpn)
patients may not have evidence of coagulopathy or bleeding diathesis; therapeutic anticoagulation for prior thromboembolic events is permitted; the clinical indication for therapeutic anticoagulation must be clearly documented prior to enrollment and must be discussed with the p.i.; given the increases risk of serious bleeding from cediranib, patients who are on greater than or equal to 2 anti-thrombotic agents, including but not limited to anti-platelet agents (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [nsaids]/aspirin, clopidogrel), heparin, low molecular weight heparin (lmwh), warfarin, and a direct thrombin inhibitor, will be excluded
patients may not have features suggestive of myelodysplastic syndrome (mds) or acute myelogenous leukemia (aml) on peripheral blood smear or bone marrow biopsy, if clinically indicated
pregnant women are excluded from this study because olaparib and cediranib have the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; due to the fact that there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with olaparib and cediranib, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with cediranib and olaparib
human immunodeficiency virus (hiv)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with cediranib or olaparib; appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated; hiv-positive patients with undetectable viral loads and cd4 counts > 300, and not on any antiretroviral therapy may be allowed after discussing with the principle investigator
any condition that, in the opinion of the treating investigator would interfere with evaluation of the investigational product or interpretation of subject safety or study results