Active, not recruiting • Phase I • Stage I, II, III • ER positive • Post-Menopausal • Brain Metastases absent • Interventional
The following is imported from ClinicalTrials.gov:
A 2-Week Ketogenic Diet in Combination With Letrozole to Modulate PI3K Signaling in ER+ Breast Cancer
This is a neoadjuvant study to determine the feasibility and tolerability of 2 weeks of a very low carbohydrate ketogenic diet in combination with letrozole for patients with early stage operable ER+disease.
• To evaluate the feasibility and tolerability of a 2 week ketogenic diet in combination with endocrine therapy prior to surgery for early stage ER+ breast cancer.
To determine whether endocrine therapy in combination with a dietary intervention to reduce insulin pathway signaling results in enhanced inhibition of cancer cell proliferation (measured byKi67)
To determine the effectiveness of 2 weeks of a ketogenic diet to reduce measures of insulin/PI3Kpathway activation in breast tumors
To measure changes in weight and body composition after 2 weeks of a ketogenic diet
To measure changes in insulin resistance after 2 weeks of a ketogenic diet
To measure the effectiveness of a ketogenic diet in combination with endocrine therapy to induce and maintain a ketogenic state.
Participants will have baseline metabolic parameters measured and will begin a 2-week diet consisting of meal replacement shakes to induce a ketogenic state. Patients will also receive letrozole 2.5 mg daily. At the end of 2 weeks, metabolic parameters will again be measured and patients will proceed with surgical treatment of their breast cancer. A tumor biopsy from the surgical specimen will be obtained to measure cell proliferation compared with the pre-treatment diagnostic biopsy.
Actual study start date:
July 8, 2019
Ages eligible for study:
18 - 999
Sexes eligible for study:
Arms and Intervention
2-Week Ketogenic Diet
all participants must provide written informed consent.
patients must have histologically confirmed primary invasive mammary carcinoma
the tumor must be estrogen receptor positive
the tumor must be her2 negative (negative ihc or fish)
the primary tumor size must be at least 2 mm in size.
patients must be post-menopausal defined by any of the following:
subjects at least 55 years of age.
subjects younger than 55 years of age and amenorrheic for at least 12 months or serum follicle-stimulating hormone (fsh) levels and estradiol levels in the post-menopausal range by local lab criteria
subjects with history of bilateral oophorectomy or prior radiation castration with amenorrhea for at least 6 months.
patients must have clinical stage i, ii, or iii invasive mammary carcinoma planning to undergo surgical treatment with either segmental resection or total mastectomy.
patients must have bmi >= 30.
a core biopsy from the time of diagnosis must be available.
mammogram or ultrasound required prior to screening
patients must have adequate organ function based on the following laboratory parameters:
serum creatinine <= 1.5x uln
sgot, sgpt <= 4x uln (unless known steatohepatitis)
serum albumin >= 2.0 g/dl
total serum bilirubin <= 1.5x uln (or <= 3x uln if known gilbert's syndrome)
patients with locally advanced disease who are candidates for other preoperative (chemo)therapy at the time of initial evaluation. this includes patients with inflammatory breast cancer.
evidence of distant metastatic disease (stage iv).
serious medical illness that in the judgment of the treating physician places the patient at high risk of operative mortality.
serious medical illness that in the judgment of the treating physician would preclude the use of a ketogenic diet.
severe uncontrolled malabsorption condition or disease (e.g. grade ii/iii diarrhea, severe malnutrition, short gut syndrome).
diabetes mellitus requiring insulin therapy.
dementia, altered mental status, or any psychiatric condition that would prohibit the understanding or rendering of informed consent.
participation in any other neoadjuvant therapeutic clinical trial.
concurrent anti-cancer therapy other than endocrine therapy (e.g. chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, or any other biologic therapy).
concurrent treatment with an investigational agent.
use of an investigational drug within 30 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, preceding the first day of dietary intervention.